Particle Beam Weapons
SPACE BASED WEAPON
Particle beam weapons fire streams of quick-moving projectiles, and only really differ from rifles use a quintillionth of the ammo, and about the same proportion of energy.
Particle cannons fire streams of super-accelerated bullets, except they use atoms and small molecules for bullets, and particle accelerators for gunpower.
Colonel Philip J. Corso describes weapons incorporating alien technology, including advanced particle beam weapons. Among the early weapons systems developed for his purpose were 'Saint' and 'Blue Gemini', which were 'outgrowths of USAF 7795, a code number for he USAF's first satellite program [which was] designed to locate, track, and destroy enemy surveillance satellites or, more importantly, orbiting UFOs...Both of these weapons, under the cover of other missions, of course, were eventually deployed, and today they form one of the lines of defense in an antimissile and anti-UFO surveillance system. (13/p.424)
Free Electron Laser (FEL)
- Boeing Directed Energy Systems - Announced the completion of an initial design for U.S. Naval use. A prototype FEL system was demonstrated, with a full-power prototype scheduled by 2018.
- Raytheon / Office of Naval Research - Free Electron Laser (FEL) (2009).
The Office of Naval Research has awarded Raytheon a year-long contract to develop the preliminary design of a 100 kilowatt experimental Free Electron Laser (FEL). A FEL uses superconducting electron accelerators to produce high-power laser beams that could target cruise missiles, airplanes or boats.
High Energy (Solid-State) Laser Weapons
|Besides being more compact and less cumbersome than chemical lasers, electrically pumped solid-state lasers also offer the prospect of an endless supply of shots, for their magazine is limited only by the ability of the platform they’re on to generate electricity.|
- General Atomics - airborne laser, the experimental weapon's beam is in the 150 kilowatt class. It uses rare earth minerals (not fiber lasers). The laser set to begin live-fire test at White Sands Missle Range, New Mexico [DARPA & AFRL], in January, 2016.
- General Atomics has developed another version that fits in a box 12 feet long, 4 feet wide and 2 feet tall. General Atomics is also working on a configuration specifically designed for the AC-130 plane and another for its jet-powered Predator C “Avenger” drone.
- Air Force Research Laboratory [AFRL] project to develop a laser small enough to fit in a pod the size of a standard external fuel tank and be carried by F-16 and F-15 fighter planes to defend against surface-to-air missiles. Richard Bagnell, the project’s manager, said his team has $200 million to develop beam control technology and a 50 kilowatt class laser small enough to be carried in a pod by 2021. Creating such a weapon using a chemical laser would be hard to imagine.
- Lockheed Martin, the aircraft’s manufacturer, is developing a 60 kilowatt class laser for the Army.
- Lockheed Martin - Advanced Test High Energy Asset (ATHENA) (2015)
A 30-kilowatt fiber-optic laser weapon. Through the "spectral beam combining" technique it provides greater efficiency and lethality.
- Lockheed Martin - Area Defense Anti-Munitions (ADAM) (2012)
- The Boeing Company - ABL YAL 1A Airborne Laser, USA (2008)
"YAL-1A, is a high-energy laser weapon system for the destruction of tactical theatre ballistic missiles."
- The Boeing Company - HEL TD (June, 2011)
The work on the HEL TD (10 kW solid-state laser beam) is intended to lead eventually to a truck-mounted laser weapon that could shoot down rockets and artillery shells.
- The Boeing Company - Avenger Solid State Laser Weapon (2008)
Boeing Laser Avenger is an infrared laser system (with power levels somewhere in the tens of kilowatts range) mounted on an AN/TWQ-1 Avenger combat vehicle: "Boeing is considering the development of an upgraded weapons' system that will have a shoot-on-the-move capability and the ability to destroy other kinds of targets, including low-flying unmanned aerial vehicles."
- BAE Systems - MK 38 Mod 2 Tactical Laser System (2011)
Couples a solid-state high-energy laser weapon module with the operational Mk 38 Machine Gun System for defense of U.S. Navy ships.
- Raytheon - Phalanx Close-in Weapon System (2010)
A Raytheon-U.S. Navy team is working to add a solid-state laser to the Phalanx Close-in Weapon System.
- Raytheon - Laser Weapons System (LaWS) (2010)
Raytheon revealed its next-gen directed energy weapon at the Farnborough Air Show today, releasing video showing its Laser Weapons System (LaWS) -- a six-laser weapon that focuses on a single target -- engaging and then destroying an unmanned aerial vehicle from the deck of a Navy vessel at sea. 30 kilowatt class Laser Weapon System, a fiber laser.
- Northrop Grumman Corp. - Joint High-Power Solid State Laser (JHPSSL) (2009)
Highy Energy (chemical) Laser Weapons
- DARPA/ Textron Defense Systems (TDS) - High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System (HELLADS) (2008)
The program was designed to “develop a 150 kilowatt (kW) laser weapon system that is ten times smaller and lighter than current lasers of similar power, enabling integration onto tactical aircraft to defend against and defeat ground threats.”
- Northrop Grumman Corp. - Mobile / Tactical High Energy Laser (M-THEL) (2007)
MTHEL is a development of the mobile version of the Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) (1996-2000) testbed weapon, developed by Northrop Grumman Corp. It uses directed energy (deuterium fluoride chemical laser) to intercept aerial targets such as rockets, missiles, artillery shells and other aerial threats.
- Northrop Grumman Corp - Skyguard (1996-2000).
A chemical laser. See Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL).
ANTIPERSONNEL - SOLID-SATE (NEWER)
- A more compact, solid state micorwave emitter (version of Raytheon’s Active Denial System). (200-)
What the JNLWD would like is a fall smaller contraption to accomplish the same goal. Replacing the enormous, super-cooled “gyrotron” with solid-state electronics, perhaps, or compact lasers. But that is a tall order technologically, let alone politically. — The Economist, August 28, 2014.
- Sandia National Labs: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com the smaller Sandia model would be used to dissuade nearby individuals from sneaking into classified facilities. Sandra says, a “second-generation small-size ADS system [is] expected to be fielded at several DOE [Department of Energy] nuclear facilities as early as 2008. — Lab Defense: Pain Ray, defensetech.org
ANTIPERSONNEL - GYROTRON (OLDER)
- Raytheon's Active Denial System (ADS), Silent Guardian (2001)
Also see: Non-Lethal Weapons, EM Harassment
Electromagnetic Pulse Weapon (EMP)
- Boeing Phantom Works (2015)
05/25/2015 - Air Force confirms electromagnetic pulse weapon - CNN.com
"This technology marks a new era in modern-day warfare," said Keith Coleman, CHAMP program manager for Boeing Phantom Works. "In the near future, this technology may be used to render an enemy's electronic and data systems useless even before the first troops or aircraft arrive." Latest News Update The website Foxtrot Alpha reported that a similar weapon had been secretly used by the United States in Libya, destroying the electronics in vehicles that left them inoperable. Coleman told CNN that past testing proved quite promising. "We hit every target we ever wanted," Coleman said. "We prosecuted every one. We've made science fiction, science fact." Lulu Chang of Digital Trends said the ability to destroy the enemy weapons without collateral damage makes the weapon desirable for the military. "Indeed, it is this capacity to target individual buildings and not cities at large that makes the new weapon so effective, as it would allow military members to cut off electricity supplies to enemy parties while keeping civilians out of the melee," Chang wrote.
Also see: UFO Intereference, Reverse Engineering
Directed Energy Professional Society (DEPS)
Boeing Phantom Works
Boeing Directed Energy Systems
Raytheon (also pain ray)
Textron Defense Systems (TDS)
Aculight (fiber laser technology)
The Office of Naval Research (ONR)
AFRL Directed Energy Directorate
US Department of Defense Non-Lethal Weapons Program (JNLWD)
Sandia National Labs (pain ray)
General Atomics Aeronautical Sytems Inc.
MOD - Laser Directed Energy Weapon Capability Demonstrator (high energy laser)
IHS Aerospace, Defense and Security
Rheinmetall Defence- High Energy Laser (HEL)
Russian 12th Central Military Research and Development Institute, Ministry of Defense Russia, near Moscow (non-lethal).
University of Electronic Science and Technology (UESTC) in Chengdu (non-lethal).
Cathode ray tube: a beam of electrons emitted from the cathode of a high-vacuum tube, not considered dangerous to much more than retinas, used chiefly in televisions and computer terminals.
Chemical lasers: requires (a potentially caustic) fuel source.
DE: Directed energy. Also termed DE Systems.
Free-electron laser (FEL): A FEL uses superconducting electron accelerators to produce high-power laser beams. FEL operators can adjust the laser's wavelength by adjusting the energy of the electrons in the accelerator, something conventional lasers can't do. This allows them to be used on ships without suffering disturbances from the water vapor-rich environment. FEL is less developed than solid-state. Requires a lot of shielding space because the laser produces X-ray radiation.
Electrolasers: use a light beam to direct a pulse of raw energy.
Electromagnetic pulse (EMP): are waves of energy that are generally non-lethal and well suited to scrambling electronics. The power required for a large EM pulse has been associated with nuclear weapons.
Gyrotron: a type of microwave generator employing cyclotron resonance coupling between microwave fields and a beam of electrons. Used in Raytheon's Active Denial System." JNLWD would like is a fall smaller contraption to accomplish the same goal. Replacing the enormous, super-cooled “gyrotron” with solid-state electronics."
High Energy/Power Laser: High powered lasers used by the military to shoot down targets. Current power levels somewhere in the 10 to 30 kilowatts range.
Laser: is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
Lasing medium: causes electrons in the medium to reach a specific exited state, and to interact with electromagnetic waves so as to give the wave that extra, exciting energy.
Light gun: are traditinal lasers, along with their slight variations like microwave lasers (masers).
Maser: Micorwave range laser. Example: Raytheon's Active Denial System (ADS), Silent Guardian (2001).
Particle accelerator: is a device that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to high speeds and to contain them in well-defined beams. Particle accelerator accelerators can be linear or circular (cyclotron), but the circular kind will almost certainly be the future, since they can give us a path-length for acceleration that increases by as many trips around the loop as we’re willing to take.
Particle beam weapons (PBWs): fire streams of quick-moving projectiles, and only really differ from rifles use a quintillionth of the ammo, and about the same proportion of energy.
Particle cannons: fire streams of super-accelerated bullets except that it uses atoms and small molecules for bullets, and particle accelerators for gunpower.
Particle thrower: are particle beams. Particle beams only travel near the speed of light.
Plasma channel: Turns air to plasma. It can send send all kinds of volts into a target. Example: high-powered laser.
Pump “electrically pumped”: to power up a lasing medium. It boils down to finding a way of getting enough electrons in the medium exited in the desired way. Electricity is the simplest pumping technique. Others are chemically-induced laser pumping, and free electron beams.
RF (Radio Frequency) DEW: RF directed energy weapon. See: Maser.
Slab laser: combined beam of 105 kilowats.
Spontaneous emission: an excited atom in isolation can return to a lower energy state by emitting photons and sets the scale for all radioactive interactions, such as absorption and stimulated emission.
Solid-state laser or solid lasing: Laser's that use solid-state electronics not chemical and generate their beam by sending electricity into laser diodes - tiny semiconductors - that convert the electricty into pwerful light that is pumped into the gain medium.
|Cooling is already a challenge for both bulk and fiber lasers. The gain medium in both types is essentially crystal or glass, which heat up as electricity excites their electrons but tend to cool unevenly and can fracture as a result, much as boiling water can crack a cold glass.|
Stimulated emission: is the power of incoming radiation amplified. This is the physical basis of light amplification in laser amplifiers and laser oscillators.